Research Notes




– Choose 4 themes and brainstorm

– Find references

– Presentation & votes


Choosing themes was started with listing up things which make me interested, excited, angry, and cry.

I came up with travels, learning new language, cooking, disasters, composing and identity but after I thought about questions in each area I decided to choose these 4 themes below.

– Travels

– Languages

– Cooking

– Identity

Week1-3 Presen

Result of votes

– Identity!


References & Outcomes

For the oncoming Research Game Project Document, I decided to set 5 fields to research in detail + 2 evil concepts which we studied on Week 4.

  • Ancient Greek philosophers

[Wikipedia]“同一性 (Identity)”

A and A itself are always identical.

if A has no more than the characteristics of B, and B has no more than the characteristics of A, then A and B are identical.

Plato: the phenomenon A is only the shadow of the idea A.

Plato:  How can you prove whether at this moment we are sleeping, and all our thoughts are a dream; or whether we are awake, and talking to one another in the waking state?

  • Modern Western philosophers

[Wikipedia] “哲学的ゾンビ (Philosophical Zombie)”

Leibniz’s Windmill: If we entered a windmill-sized machine which thinks himself like as a human, what could we see inside?

[Wikipedia] “スワンプマン (Swampman)”

If a man has his body’s copy but it has no self-consciousness, is it still identical to him or not? = Are we, identities, mere the physical phenomena of our body?

[Wikipedia] “なぜ私は私なのか (Why am I me?)”

  • Indian philosophy & Buddhism

[Online] “梵我一如の思想 (The theory of Tat Tvam Asi)”

There is only one “I” in this world. There is no timeline or viewpoint, but everywhere is here, every moment is now for the “I”. The “I” is a point randomly exist and vanish anywhere at any moment, and the consequence of those nows and heres are merely seen as a “me” which feels the sequential time and the entity.

[Online article] “Identity and Selflessness in Buddhism: No Self or True Self?”

An existence is something which appears, dances and disappears in to the emptiness.

The emptiness means the condition that the self-conscious existences and the entire earth of energy resource are fully connected.

  • Confucianism in Ancient China

[Online journal] “China’s Traditional Cultural Values and National Identity”

The Chinese ancient scholars didn’t likely ask about self-identity, but found a personality in the connection between the other ones such as family, friends, and communities. They didn’t talk about why I am me but told how I should be as a person. An individual person should be there for the balance between himself and the society, not for himself.

History Tips: This Confucianism was spread to Korea and Japan. In Korea it tended to be similar to the original Chinese lessons, although in Japan it was changed into Japanese Confucianism, mixed into Buddhism, or thought as a part of Shintoism.

  • Japanese Meiji Revolution

[Online article] “Bushido: The awakening of Japan’s modern identity” 

[Online journal] “III. Japan’s Identity and What It Means”

 The Meiji Revolution is a historical event occurred to westernise the Japanese identity in 1868.

The term “Bushido” is a made-up philosophy for pretending Japan is one of highly-civilised countries so that the Western would not colonise it.

It was an odd event that only in 10 years the Japanese completely overwrote their stance on identity which had taken 1,300 years to be built up with Buddhism and Confucianism.

  • Evil – Rules to prohibit individuality – the film “1984”
  • Evil – Brainwashing – North Korean anime “Squirrel and Hedgehog”

Visual Research


Narrative idea

The main character in this project is a slug in a town of snails who does not know he is a slug. Although he always wonders why he has no shells, people never give him an answer but keep questioning and discussing like Ancient Greek philosophers. He gets tired of it, and starts an adventure to look for his identity himself.

In each town, he encounters experimental puzzles/problems based on its mainstream philosophy on identity. In the final destination, he sees snails like in his home town; however, in the end he realises they are actually slugs wearing fake shells.

Mechanic Idea

  • Pixel-based 2D sideview RPG
  • The stage system – like Super Mario, the player may select a level to play from the simple world map which expands along with the progression.
  • Puzzles – along with philosophical problems in each level

Mechanics in similar games

Doki-doki Universe


– a comedian plays the prototype pikmin 3




Another Game Idea: VR games